Event Grade, Safety & Insurance
« on: Wed Jan 27, 2016, 08:28 PM »
Safety All members are responsible for their own safety - not the club, management or the event organizer. This is the main condition of the club when you sign up. All organizers or ordinary people and not professionals. Please use your own judgement to decide if an event is suitable for your ability.
All members are strongly urged to get insurance to cover injuries. The club does not have insurance for members.
Helicopter rescue for someone with a broken leg could cost 300,000yen!
 
 Accident Insurance Usually about 8,000 yen/year for outdoor activities such as hiking and climbing. Application forms can be obtained from most outdoor shops (Montbell, Kamoshika in Takadanobaba).You can also get short term insurance for a few days online.
 
 

 
 Event Rating System (hiking, rock scrambling, mountaineering) Events are graded for two things; aerobic or fitness level and technical climbing level.
The hiking time is graded (Fitness 1-5, Easy - Extreme) with limits on altitude climbed and distance walked each day.
The technical grade (Technical1-5, Easy - Expert) is based on the American Yosemite Decimal System (YDS) of grading routes.
 
 1. Fitness Grade Fitness 1: Easy
Fitness 2: Moderate
Fitness 3: Difficult
Fitness 4: Very Difficult
Fitness 5: Extreme
 PLUS 2. Technical Grade (climbing difficulty) Technical 1: Easy
Technical 2: Moderate
Technical 3: Experienced
Technical 4: Advanced
Technical 5: Expert

 Fitness Grade (for 1 day) For overnight backpacking with tent and food add 20% map time before grading. Allow extra time for snow in winter.
 
Fitness 1. Easy
Up to 4 hours map time. Up to about 8km distance. Up to 500m total altitude climb.
Outdoor, hiking footwear and day pack recommended but may not be necessary. Could include 'walking' events in town, parks etc.
Example: Takao San, Mitake San and Hinode Yama in Okutama, Oyama in Tanzawa from cablecar or Yabitsu.
 
Fitness 2. Moderate
5 to 6 hours map time. Up to about  15km distance. Up to 1,000m total altitude climb.
Average fitness required.
Hiking boots and outdoor clothing strongly recommended except in good conditions.
Example: Many mountains in Okutama and Tanzawa; Kawanori Yama, Gozen Yama, Mito San, Otake San, Tonodake, Hinokiboromaru.
 
Hiking boots, proper outdoor clothing and pack are required for all the following grades.
 
Fitness 3. Difficult
 7 to 8 hours map time. Up to about  20km distance. Up to 1,500m total altitude climb.
Strenuous exercise and need to be fit.
Example: Kumatori San, Tanzawa San, Hirugadake, easy Alps routes.
 
Fitness 4. Very Difficult
9 to 10 hours map time. Up to about  25km distance. Up to 2,000m total altitude climb.
Sports fitness required.
Example: Long ridge hikes like Tanigawadake- Asahidake, longer Alps hikes.
 
Fitness 5. Extreme
Over 10 hours map time. Up to and over 30km distance. Up to and over 2,500 total altitude climb.
Athlete fitness such as long distance races and running events.
 
 
 Technical Grade (climbing difficulty) Increase the grade in winter if necessary and if trail conditions are bad in other seasons!
Five classes indicating the technical difficulty of the hardest section:
Technical 1 EASY
Walking with a low chance of injury and a fall unlikely to be fatal.
Walking along clear, well marked trails.


Technical 2 MODERATE
Safety rope must be carried by the group from this level - minimum 20m, 6mm chord (650kg load). Used for additional safety (hand) support on narrow  sections, steep terrain, rocks, river crossings. Tied to trees, rocks, available anchors or other members. Emergency tape sling and carabiner recommended for clipping into ropes. Higher technical levels may require proper climbing rope.
Simple scrambling, with the possibility of occasional use of the hands. Little potential danger.
Hiking trails, cross country, maybe route finding, using hands for balance sometimes, thick brush, narrow trails (maybe water erosion) areas with cliffs, river crossings, fallen trees etc.


Technical 3 EXPERIENCED
Steeper scrambling with increased exposure.
A rope can be carried but is usually not required. Falls are not always fatal.
Use of chains, ropes or ladders on rocks.

Technical 4 ADVANCED
Can involve short steep sections where the use of a rope is recommended. Un-roped falls could be fatal.
Scrambling on rocks using hands as well as feet, rope may be used.
Climbing on steep terrain requiring roped belay.
Mountaineering or rock climbing experience needed.
 
Technical 5 EXPERT
True rock climbing, predominantly on vertical or near vertical rock, and requires skill and a rope to proceed safely. Un-roped falls would result in severe injury or death. Exposed climbing, requiring skill (the holds are not obvious to a novice, leader places protection along the way)
 Mountaineering or rock climbing experience compulsory.
 

 Examples (fitness, technical): Takao San would be Fitness 1, Technical 1 (or Fitness Easy, Technical Easy)

Kumatori San would beFitness 3, Technical 1
Karasawa valley in Kamakochi would be  Fitness 2, Technical 1
Dai Kiretto from Karasawa to Minamidake would be  Fitness 2, Technical 3 (or Fitness moderate, Technical Experienced)
Yarigatake from Kamikochi would be Fitness 3, Technical 3 (just for rock peak, to lodge is only 2)
 

Ura Myougi ridge would be Fitness 2, Technical 3
Myougi San - Kondou San ridge would beFitness 2, Technical 4
Tanzawa San would be Fitness 3, Technical 1
 

Tsurugidake from Tsurugisawa lodge would be Fitness 3, Technical 4
Tsurugidake Hoppo One would be Fitness 4, Technical 4
Oku-Hotaka San in the Alps from Kamikouchi would be Fitness 3/(4 if big pack), Technical 3
Oxfam 100km trail hike  Fitness 5, Technical 1
 
 For Hiking Otaku For those interested, they can do a comparison with the Japanese hiking map times. Some studies calculate hiking times from the equivalant flat distance.
First calculate the route distance (including slopes) and add to that 13km for every 1000m of elevation climb. This is the extra effort for climbing the uphill parts.
Add 20% (km) if carrying overnight food and tent etc.
You now have a total equivalent flat distance for the climbing and extra weight. Divide this by the typical outdoor walking distance/hour (4km/hr) to get a hiking map time.
You can also adjust for the number of days; 1 day hike (-10%), 2 days (same) or multi-day (+10% for every day after 2nd day)
 

 
 Event Rating System (rock/ sports climbing and boldering) Standard Japanese and US  YDS grading system; 5.5-5.15 with technical grades. Also with general classification of beginner, intermediate and advanced. Top rope or single/multi pitch.
For bouldering the Japanese Dankyu system or other international grading system.
The hiking grade can also be used for travel to climbing areas.
 
 

 
 CYCLING RATING:
 Beginner
 
 Almost entirely flat
 Distance of up to 35km (off-road) to 50km (road).
 Sightseeing.
 
 
 Low Level
 
 Mostly flat. Some hills up to 300m. Climbs to 5%.
 Distance of up to 50km (off-road) to 80km (road ).
 Sightseeing or touring.
 
 
 Intermediate
 
 Rolling hills to 700m. Climbs 8 - 9%.
 Distance of up to 75km (off-road) to 120km (road ).
 Touring or exercise.
 
 Advanced
 
 Rugged hills to 1000m. Climbs 10 - 12%.
 Distance of up to 100km (off-road) to 160km (road ).
 Long touring.
 
 Expert
Mountains over 1000m.
 Climbs 12 - 20%. Downhills to 35%.
 All day riding. Self-sufficient.
 Distance of up to 90 - 120km (off-road) to 140- 170km (road ).
 Training or racing.